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  • BENITSES
    Cosmopolitan tourist resort with international fame, Benitses is for many travelers to why...

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  • PALEOKASTRITSA
    Paleokastritsa is the most famous tourist resort of Corfu. This is an area of unique beaut...

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  • SIDARI
    Sidari is arguably the seaport of northern Corfu benchmark for every visitor. Located 32 k...

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  • DASSIA
    The seaport of northeastern coast. Located 13 km from the city and in an area full of oliv...

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  • PERAMA
    Perama is a popular seaside tourist resort located in the southern part of the island, opp...

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  • CANNON
    The Cannon is the most photographed site on the island. 4 km south of Corfu Town and is on...

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  • GOUVIA
    After Kontokali at a distance of about 9 km from the center, we find Gouvia. It is a popul...

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  • AGIOS GORDIOS
    Agios Gordios is one of the busy tourist settlements of southwest Corfu. It is 16 km from ...

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  • GLYFADA
    The beach of Glyfada is one of the nicest in Corfu. Located 16 km west of the city and ext...

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  • ACHARAVI
    Another tourist resort of Corfu, located in the northwestern tip of the island at a distan...

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  • MORAITIKA
    Coastal village located 20 kilometers south of the city. The area is characterized by the ...

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  • KAROUSADES
    In the northwestern part of the island, 40 km away. about the city meet the village Karous...

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HISTORY

Corfu or Kairkyra is one of the northernmost islands of the Ionian Sea. Located at the entrance of the Adriatic Sea, near the coast of Epirus. The northeastern coast of approaching enough (approx. 2 km) off the coast of Saranda in Albania.
Oblong shaped, wider in northern and narrows to the south. The beaches have a total length of 217 km and form several bays and headlands. The terrain is mostly mountainous, particularly in the north. Foreigners call bosom (England Corfu), the two peaks appear as the visitor approaches the island. Highest peaks is the Almighty (ancient tissues, 914 m) and Stravoskiadi (849 m).
It is one of the most densely populated islands in the Mediterranean with a population density of 193 inhabitants per square kilometer.

Corfu Town
Main entry: Corfu (city)
 
 
Coat of Corfu
The town of Corfu is characterized by intense Venetian elements but also many English and French influences. It is a cosmopolitan city that exudes a sense of nobility, with the main attractions the great Esplanade Square, which is the largest square in the Balkans, the Old and the New Castle, City Hall (Theatre San Giacomo), Cannon, Mon Repo and Museums Byzantine and Post-Byzantine History.
Perhaps the most famous attraction is the island in front of the Cannon, connected to it by a small strip of land on which stands the church of Notre Blachernae and the famous Mouse Island. On this small island is a small church of the Almighty in the 11th or 12th century. Also notable buildings are the Palace and George Michael, one of the finest Georgian style palaces that left the British rule. Traditional dishes of Corfiot cuisine is "pastitsada", the "sofrito" and "bourdeto." Corfu town has a population of 28,185 inhabitants (2001) and is one of the oldest cities in Greece. Patron is Saint Spiridon Tremithus the afthoro relics which hosted the namesake church, which is one of the most special present. Every year visited by thousands of visitors from all parts of Greece, but also many foreigners.
The Municipality of Corfu is the most populated municipality of Corfu, since it includes the entire city of Corfu, which is also the capital of the prefecture of Corfu. Has Venetian mansions and buildings are ydrochromatismena the traditional Corfiot ocher. It has many churches, the most important of which is the Catholic Cathedral of Saints James and Christopher, Eastern Diocese of the Virgin Spiliotissa the church of St. Spyridon. Has historic buildings, such as the English Commissioner, the old palace of the Archangel Michael and St. George, which houses the only museum in Greece Sinoiaponiko, Liston, the mansion Kapodistrias, the Metropolitan Building, the building of the Reading Society of Corfu, in the old mansion Ionian Bank, the current City Hall, the famous Theatre of San Giacomo, the building of the Ionian Isles, the building of the Ionian Academy, which houses the Rectorate of the Ionian University.
The city has all the modern facilities, banks, police, military, municipal services, television and radio stations, international seaport and airport accessible to every type of aircraft. It is the seat of the Ionian University, Corfu Prefecture Ionian Islands Region.

 
Achilles dying in the gardens of Achilles
History of Corfu
 
 
The pediment of Medusa in the Archaeological Museum of Corfu
Remains of human presence in Corfu is by the Paleolithic era, but also from the Neolithic period have been found in different areas remains. From the Homeric era lived the famous Phaeacians who were of Phoenician origin. The first Greek colonists who settled is from Eretria in Euboea. The island has been inhabited by Illyrians. Then settled Corinthians led Chersicrates in 734 BC Along with the metropolis of Corinth founded Epidamnus, now Durres. Corfu, being a colony of Corinth, he wanted to become independent. This was an opportunity for Athens to get involved by taking part in Corfu. This was one of the causes of the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War. For a long time lived in Corfu and Alexander the Great in his youth. The island quickly fell into the hands of the Romans during the gradual spread eastward. Number barbarians passed and plundered the island during the Byzantine period because it was the opposite bridgehead for continental coast and the gatekeeper of the Adriatic. Vandals, Ostrogoths from the shores of southern Italy which literally ravage these areas hurt the peace process on the island at the time. Then followed hard Normans Northern Europeans at that time had conquered southern Italy and Sicily. Their leader Guiscard conquered Corfu.
 
 
The fortress of Angelokastro in Corfu. The Byzantine battlements Angelokastro successfully resisted the Turkish siege of 1571

 
Idyllic view of the harbor in late 190y century. Estia magazine in 1894.
After the conquest of Constantinople by the Franks and distribution of territories from Byzantine conquerors reached Corfu by the Venetians, with intervals of regaining the Greeks, but again conquered by the Angevins in 1267. Returned to the Venetians in 1386 and started for a long period of Corfu Venetian gave color and the air as we can see today. This time the island has experienced strong growth and economic prosperity, the city of Corfu was in the fort, but had spread out a new non-walled city but so is exposed to all kinds of raids allofylon. And to address any hostile action effectively created a huge area in front of the fort today Esplanade Square. In 1431 for the first time appeared on the Turkish island and tried in vain to understand.
In 1537 the Turks under the command of the fleet terrible Barbarossa destroyed the city outside the walls and ravaged the countryside of Corfu taking 20,000 prisoners. In 1571 the Turks returned to lay siege to the city without mania eventually result but destroyed the island from end to end. Following these events, the Venice fortified the new town called new fortress, trying to protect the island from the raids of the Turks.
In 1716 the Turks returned with numerous army to occupy the island, but with very good defense and the supervision of Marshal Soulempourgk and this brought no siege the Turks achieve the desired results. Venice, although left an indelible stamp on Corfu, failed to adequately protect her because she lived large massacres and destruction of the Turkish raids. In 1797 until 1799, Corfu passed into the hands of the French. Then came a peculiar Rosiki occupation. After many discussions between the Russians decided to found the Seven Islands.
In 1807 as in 1814 and returned to the French Napoleon in Corfu and during their presence gave a sense of color and the French city. With the collapse of imperial Napoleonic French, English army occupies Corfu in 1815 and remained there until 1864, when the island was incorporated into Greece with the other Ionian Islands.
The numbers in Corfu
 
 
Atlas
• Area: 591 sq. km (641 sq. km. Entire county also includes Paxos, Antipaxos and the small islands Othoni, Mathraki and Ereikoussa)
• County Population: 111,975 inhabitants (2001)
• Capital: Corfu (28,185 inhabitants)
• Zip Code: 49100 (City) 49080-49081-49082-49083-49084
• Telephone Code: 26610 (Corfu), 26630 (North Coast), 26620 (South Corfu)
Administration-population
Corfu is in the Ionian islands of Corfu and the county, consisting of the island along with the islands of Paxos, Paxos, Othoni, Mathraki and Ereikoussa.
Corfu Town is the capital of the prefecture and the Ionian Islands.
According to the 2001 census, the island had 107,879 inhabitants. Divided into twelve municipalities, which are the following (in parenthesis their population according to the census of 2001):
• Municipality of Corfu (39387)
• Municipality of Aghios Georgios (4958)
• Municipality of Achillion (10319)
• Municipality Esperion (8136)
• Municipality Thinalia based in Acharavi (5512)
• Municipality of Kassiopi (2787)
• Municipality Korission (5206)
• Municipality Lefkimmeon (6704)
• Municipality Meliteieon (6690)
• Municipality nbspPaleokastriton (4395)
• Municipality Parelion (7197)
• Municipality of Corfu (6488)
There are still a municipality and three communities that are located in small islands homonyms:
• Municipality of Paxos that includes the Grape (2438)
• Community Ereikoussa (698)
• Community Mathraki (297)
• Community Othoni (663)

Mouse and Cannon
Geography

Coordinates 39 ° 35'28 .60 "N 19 ° 51'50 .54" ESyntetagmenes: 39 ° 35'28 .60 "N 19 ° 51'50 .54" E (Map)

Ionian Sea Archipelago

Ionian cluster

592 km2 area

Top Top Almighty
(914 m)

Countries
Greece

Region Region of Ionian Islands

Prefecture of Corfu

Capital Corfu (city)

Demographic Characteristics
Population 107,879 (Census 2001)
Density 182 / km2

 

GALERY

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